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Commentary on The Unbearable Lightness of Being Essay

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Architect Skills List and Examples. Architects design buildings and other structures, inside and out, carefully considering engineering, function, and aesthetics. While architecture is an art, it is unlike most other arts in that it#39;s both public and durable. Essay! Rather than being enjoyed only by its owner, or by museum goers, like a painting, well-designed structures can enrich public life for decades, sometimes centuries. John Donne Flea! Because buildings must be safe and Lightness Essay functional, the entry requirements to the field of architecture are very high. You must have both a masters degree or better in architecture and state licensure in from order to practice. Besides coursework, you must also complete an extended internship under the supervision of an architect.

With a relevant associates or bachelors degree, you can still work in the field as a draftsman, and doing so may be a good way to make sure you enjoy the field before committing several more years of study. Before you#39;re in a position to apply for a job as an architect, you will, therefore, have thoroughly familiarized yourself with the Commentary on The Essay skills required for quintuplets this type of career, simply by going through your training. Commentary Unbearable Of Being! But you can still use a skills list like ours to push factor get a sense of whether the path to architecture is something you might want to on The of Being embark on. The following list is not exhaustive, but does include some of the most important requirements for push factor success in the field. To design safe and functional buildings, you must be thoroughly familiar with the strengths, weaknesses, and Commentary Lightness other properties of various materials and style with how different structures perform under load and pressure. You will need a background in geometry, mathematics, and physics, among other related topics. Remember that you may find yourself having to innovate to meet challenges, such as designing earthquake-proof structures or energy-efficient, sustainable structures. You will not be able to rely only on on The, solutions that others have tried and tested before. As important as safety and function are, aesthetics is a major consideration in architecture. You must be familiar with the history of architecture as an art and familiar with various artistic movements within the field, and quintuplets dionne you must also be in touch with your own creativity. Fortunately, architectural training should help nurture and develop your artistic side, as well as your technical ability, but design should be something you enjoy if you are going to do it well.

The actual drawing up of plans is done on Commentary on The Unbearable Essay, computers these days, as are simulations, artistic renderings, and much of the rest of the quintuplets dionne visual output of the Commentary on The field. John Donne Flea! You will need to develop agility with various architectural drafting software. Knowledge of Building Laws and Codes. Unbearable Lightness! Laws and from local codes have much to say about Lightness of Being Essay, what can be built, where, and how. Some of subjectivism examples, these regulations pertain directly to the architects work, such as codes that specify the number and on The Lightness of Being size of quintuplets, windows for various building types as part of on The Unbearable Lightness Essay, fire safety, for learning example. Some laws prohibit building on Unbearable Lightness Essay, certain cites, like in wetlands or flood zones. Some regulations do not directly involve the architect, but all your work will be for push factor nothing if you dont notice certain problems and address them. Of course, architects must work closely with clients, engineers, construction personnel, and sometimes other stakeholders in a project. To complete a design successfully and see a project to completion, an architect must understand what all these people are saying and communicate with them clearly in turn.

No architect can build a structure alone. On The Lightness! As with any other art, being successful as an architect also requires a head for business. John Donne Flea! You will need to market your services and make your name as a professional if you want other people to build your buildings. Abstraction Analysis Architectural Codes Architectural Rendering AutoCAD Budgeting Building Codes Building Construction Building Systems Calculations Client Relations Collaboration Communication Computer Aided Design (CAD) Computer Processing Conceptualization Construction Administration Construction Documents Coordination Corporate Creative Thinking Critical Thinking Critical Assessment Design Design Concepts Design to Commentary on The Unbearable Lightness Essay Delivery Development Documents Drafting Drawing Estimating Finance Imagination Industrial Design Innovation Installation Integration Interpersonal Leadership in Energy Environmental Design (LEED) Legal Management Mathematics Model Making New Construction Planning Plans Preservation Problem Solving Production Project Management Rehabilitation Renovation Research Residential Retail Revit Sawing Scheduling Seeing Big Picture Results Slicing Software Solving Complex Problems Sustainable Design Specifications Technical Vision Visualize Writing Zoning Codes. John Donne Flea! Your knowledge of codes and ability to interpret them and ensure designs meet codes is an essential aspect of the job.

Architectural Codes Building Codes Leadership in Energy Environmental Design (LEED) Zoning Codes. What skills do you have in design, using programs and processes? Architectural Rendering AutoCAD Computer Aided Design (CAD) Computer Processing Design Design Concepts Design to on The Unbearable of Being Essay Delivery Drafting Industrial Design Model Making Revit Software Specifications Plans Sustainable Design Technical Vision. What kind of buildings and construction have you designed, in calypso the odyssey what settings? Were they new spaces or redesigning existing spaces? Building Construction Building Systems Construction Administration Construction Documents Industrial Design Installation New Construction Preservation Project Management Rehabilitation Renovation Residential Retail.

What skills have you developed and used in working on Commentary on The Essay, projects or leading projects? Analysis Budgeting Client Relations Collaboration Communication Conceptualization Coordination Design to Delivery Estimating Finance Legal Management Problem Solving Project Management Scheduling Seeing Big Picture Results Solving Complex Problems Specifications Architectural Codes Building Codes Leadership in push factor Energy Environmental Design (LEED) Zoning Codes.

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Loose Change Documentart Response. Watching the Loose Change Documentary about 9/11 reveled some very striking information. Their theory is Commentary of Being Essay that everything that happened that day including the crashing of Flight 93 was a part of a government conspiracy. They feel the government had knowledge of the attacks prior to their happenings and calypso from everything that followed was a complete cover up of the governments doings. First, The Documentary goes into discussing the crash site after the Commentary on The Unbearable Lightness of Being plane crashed.

Being that the plane was a Boeing 757 the crater that it left behind was said to be too small. A witness described the hole to be about 20-15 ft. long, and about 10 ft. wide. They also dont believe that a big commercial airline and all. . Loose Change Maybe youre not in push factor the habit of making friends of strangers. Maybe you are. Commentary Lightness Essay? There are many types of people even in a single society and you might not discover how many strange individuals that are walking around maybe looking up to a person like you. Loose Change is a short story written by Andrea Levy. A middle-aged woman is the first person narrator in the story.

She is a Londoner, and she has a clear image of a Londoners way of being. They are all the same to her. She indirectly tells about how she is being prejudiced against the odyssey, all Londoners; when she asks if anyone has change in the lavatory, the following sentence is: Everyone seemed to leave the Commentary on The place at once all of them Londoners I was sure of it (p. 1, l. 10). Ethical? This shows she is indirectly labelling Londoners for being miserly and for being indifferent when somebody needs a little help. All she needed were some coins for the tampon machine in that her period was two days earlier than expected. On The Lightness Of Being? Only a single person remains behind in the lavatory and of course she is not a Londoner. Her name is Laylor and she comes from push factor, Uzbekistan, which is a country in Central Asia. The first person narrator does not know that: Was that the Balkans? I wasnt sure. Where is Commentary on The Unbearable Essay that? (p.2, l. 58).

The first time Laylor talked, she thought she might be from Spain because of her accent. The first person narrator does not seem to know of quintuplets dionne, anything besides Londoners and the situation in Commentary on The Lightness of Being London. Words: 1101 - Pages: 5. Readers Response to the Change in Ontological Levels in Metafiction. . Readers Response to the Change in Ontological Levels in Metafiction In works of metafiction, literary works address the devices of john donne flea, fiction to uncover the fictional illusion. Sometimes these works have a voice interacting within the world or review a contemplation of thought. Some works utilize different scenarios to emphasize metafiction such as; a reader reading a literary work, an author writing a literary work, or a narrator intentionally exposing him or herself as the Commentary Lightness Essay author of the story.

These works could also address the specific conventions of story, such as title, character conventions, paragraphing or plots. The various ways of creating a metafictional work is meant to push factor capture the reader by making them aware that the story being told is made up, preventing a connection to their reality. One must question how do readers respond to on The Lightness of Being the metafictional work? Can this response change when a different media is being used? These questions must be evaluated first in order for the metafictional to be comprehended in the second reaction. After the learning style reader has had time to pose certain questions it will help them understand the work of leiterature. Using readers reactions to Becketts A Text for Lightness of Being Nothing, Number 4, The Magic Poker by Robert Coover and Virginia Woolfs Orlando , we can evaluate the responses to these works and acceptance of the evident fictional world. In the about Prac first round of reading Samuel Becketts A Text for on The Unbearable Lightness of Being Nothing, Number 4, the reader might start off. Words: 3057 - Pages: 13. . Using the health belief model, how can the nurse encourage a patient, who is status post myocardial infarction, to make immediate and permanent behavior changes in his or her eating habits and activity levels especially when the Essay about Concept Generation and Selection Pre-report patient views these changes to on The Unbearable be insurmountable? Provide a nursing diagnosis with interventions and analytical learning style outcomes to assess the patient's behavior changes.

A nurse can motivate and encourage a patient to change their everyday life style by educating, and passing on care notes to on The Unbearable Lightness Essay them to read about. There are also many services in the healthcare system for patients to push factor fall back on Commentary Unbearable of Being Essay for help. Although we are not able to force the patients to comply with any regimen that the doctors prescribe, we are able to educate and create a goal and plan for the patient. There is a framework that can be followed by a nurse to implement for behavior change: 1. Assess the behavior 2. Educate about the need for and benefits of change 3. Motivate using personalized messages 4. Assess and increase self-efficacy 5. Decrease barriers to change 6. Modify behavior 7. Maintain behavior change (Edelman, Pg. 250) Nursing diagnosis: Anxiety and Fear Interventions: 1. John Donne Flea? Explain procedures being done to patient 2. Encourage patient and family to ask questions 3. Provide care notes for patient and family to read Outcome: 1. Patient understands care after discharge.

2. Patient can explain back life style changes back to. Words: 253 - Pages: 2. . Peter Hertzberg Public Relations Case Study #1 BPs Loose Lips Sink Ships Assignment: Case Study Paper/Presentation: You will be assigned a case study from the book. You are to read the case, answer the questions at the end as your paper. Prepare a summary of what the case was about and how you answered all the questions and turn that summary into a speech. The presentation should be no more than 10 minutes. Please use visuals and a power point for your presentation. The Issue The Deepwater Horizon oil spill was an oil spill that began in April 20, 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico on the BP-operated Macondo Prospect, considered the largest accidental marine oil spill in Commentary on The of Being the history of the petroleum industry. It claimed 11 lives when the oil rig exploded and spilled 4.9 million barrels or 210 million US gal of ethical subjectivism, oil for 87 days. It was finally capped on September 19, 2010.

Numerous investigations explored the causes of the explosion and on The Unbearable Lightness Essay record-setting spill. Notably, the U.S. government's September 2011 report pointed to defective cement on the well, faulting mostly BP, but also rig operator Transocean and contractor Halliburton. Earlier in 2011, a White House commission likewise blamed BP and its partners for ethical examples a series of cost-cutting decisions and an insufficient safety system, but also concluded that the Commentary on The Unbearable Essay spill resulted from systemic root causes and absent significant reform in both industry practices and government policies, might well recur. In November 2012, BP. Words: 4144 - Pages: 17. . Generation Prac Pre-report? Critical Response Essay Utilitarian Approach: Fred is faced with a difficult decision because he must decide what is more important to him. Is keeping my job more important than contributing to something I dont agree with? That is the crucial question he must answer. Is that would allow him to keep his job and persuade Greyarea to manufacture less toxic cigarettes. According to the consequentialist theory of Utilitarianism, if he wore to Commentary of Being abide by this theory, Fred would respectfully resign from ethical examples, this job. Under principle of utility, the right action is the one that produces the greatest balance of pleasure over pain, or happiness over unhappiness, for on The of Being Essay everyone affected by that action.

He believes that his contribution to the companies harmful products isnt for him, because the consequences are far more important than maintaining his current job. This is something a consequentialist believes in and respects. Fred would rather spend more time searching for jobs and quintuplets dionne struggle to on The Lightness provide for his family, than work for the odyssey a company who profits at on The Unbearable Lightness Essay, the expense of the odyssey, consumers. Fred knows if he were to release the information about Commentary Unbearable toxic additives in Greyareas new cigarettes, he would be terminated and from presented a lawsuit. But, being consequentialist, he believes his actions are for the greater good and it outweighs the consequences he would receive upon forfeiting such information. As a utilitarian, its in his power to step away from Greyarea and on The Lightness Deontologist Approach: If. Words: 382 - Pages: 2. . I really enjoyed Edwin Denbys article about the about Pre-report criticism of dancing. On The Unbearable Lightness Of Being? His perspectives have influenced mine tremendously. I do have to agree with him that a part of dance criticism is on stage while the other is describing what you saw but I think he missed one more.

The third being the intention of the dancer and what he or she wanted you to grab. Misinterpreting the wrong vision can negatively impact criticism. I dont think that I could ever become a dancer specifically for the reason of Essay Concept Generation, my poor body language. Some say it is Commentary on The Unbearable of Being Essay all in the mind and beliefs but I believe that if your body is not prepared, the dancer will have an subjectivism examples extremely hard time trying to get a message across. I really do have to agree with Denby when he elaborates strongly on the opinion that there is a quite difference between seeing people dance as a part of daily life and seeing people dance in Lightness Essay a living room. Recently, if you go to a nightclub the most terrifying message is from being sent out from the on The Unbearable Lightness of Being dancers. Even the dancers in Essay and Selection Pre-report the music videos are displaying an image that half the on The of Being Essay time cannot even be suitable for young children. I miss the fact when dancing used to be an art. You can walk into a ballroom and see dancing that can affect you emotionally and impact you deeply. It is very rare to find these day because the media has suffocated us with the push factor popular trends of of Being, dirty dancing.

Denby mentions something about watching dancers and seeing the beauty they show and even appreciating ugliness if that. Words: 331 - Pages: 2. . so that we could involve ourselves in discussions. In addition to the sort of inadequate methods of gives of analytical learning style, classes, I still have several experiences of nice classes. The professors still give lectures but weave group discussions, presentations and films watching into the course schedule; consequently, the stuffs enrich the classes and Commentary on The Unbearable Lightness of Being make them absorbing and interesting. Calypso From The Odyssey? When the of Being Essay instructors lecture, we listen carefully and take notes about the teachers summaries, explanations, and Essay about Concept Generation and Selection comments of articles and Lightness of Being Essay essays. Calypso From? As for presentations, we have to report in team works so we look for and collect information collaboratively. After presenting, we could get the sense of Commentary on The Essay, achievement. John Donne Flea? When it comes to watching movies related to what we learn, the films give us profound impressions and new viewpoints varied form previous thoughts. In these ways, students are able to response their reflections and instructors can also get feedback. This kind of Commentary Unbearable Lightness of Being, instruction is about Generation Prac Pre-report a little bit difficult to practice but seemingly better for students and Commentary Unbearable Lightness of Being professors.

David Daniels has pointed out the defects of john donne flea, lecture system which has passed down and rooted in the education system. Nonetheless, whether it is proper or inappropriate depends on how professors instruct. Whats more, no matter students, instructors, faculty, or administrators, they are supposed to try to find the on The Unbearable Lightness of Being Essay balance between lectures and small discussion classes. As a result, both lectures and discussions have advantages and. Words: 742 - Pages: 3. Loose Change Documentart Response. . On September 11, 2001 the United States became ground for numerous terrorist attacks, killing many innocent Americans. Quintuplets? One of the Commentary on The Unbearable Lightness of Being Essay attacks included the crashing of United Airlines Flight 93. The plan crashed at 10:03 A.M into a field in Shanksville Pennsylvania at 580 mph.

It was Boeing 757 that held 37 passengers and 7 crew members that all were killed from the crash. The flights path was originally suppose to fly from Newark, New Jersey to San Francisco, California, until four Muslim Hijackers took control of the plane and were headed toward Washington D.C (Avery). Dionne? The passengers were frightened for their lives and several were able to make phone calls to their families to on The of Being Essay say their last goodbyes before the crash. When the passengers were aware of the danger around them they made an attempt to regain control of the plane which caused the crash. After the crash there were little remains of the plane or its passengers, except for a few debris pieces scattered about the area. The crash did manage to leave a crater in the ground that was about from 20-15 ft long and about 10ft. wide (Avery). It will always be remembered as a tragic day, one that many are still unclear of. Commentary On The Unbearable Lightness Of Being Essay? Watching the Loose Change Documentary about analytical 9/11 reveled some very striking information.

Their theory is Commentary Essay that everything that happened that day including the crashing of Flight 93 was a part of a government conspiracy. John Donne Flea? They feel the government had knowledge of the attacks prior to their happenings and. Words: 1240 - Pages: 5. . Peculiar Couple on Commentary on The Unbearable of Being Essay the loose What the heck, Keira! This is just a simple equation, yet you dont even know how to start?! Youre unbelievable! Zayn threw his hands up in the air out of frustration. Hey you dont need to freak out. Its just that I forgot, okay? Keira said rather defensively.

Zayn rolled his eyes in response. Im not going to about Concept and Selection Pre-report teach you, anymore. Besides, youre not worth teaching to. Oh Come on! I promise I wont switch your thesis to mine without permission, anymore. How about promise me that you wont switch my thesis to yours? It will be a very good thing to do Zayn smiled bitterly as he remembered a rather very embarrassing situation because of the switching thesis thingy. Okay, I promise She raised her right hand and muttered NOT HAPPENING Good to know. Now, lets continue this. Hey Zayn, hope you survive! Keiras bestfriend shouted smilling from ear to Unbearable Lightness of Being ear. Yeah, I really hope Zayn joked while looking at Keira. Keira just pouted and smiled. After having a very heavy teaching session with Zayn Yes, I survived! He said, giving a punch to the air. Good for you Keira said rolling her eyes. Whats wrong? Youre being sarcastic Zayn grinned Just as she was about to open an important topic, Zayn spotted Rachel. Wow! Is that a kiss mark?!

Congrats, Thats such a notorious development!Zayn exclaimed. Whats a kiss mark? Is that a mark and a kiss but not really a kiss mark? Keira butted in. I-Its not what you. Words: 388 - Pages: 2. . In response to analytical the reading I found myself open minded to the stereotypical episodes of what a black man goes through. Personally, I found it difficult to relate to because Im not black or a big man. I can however, imagine through the words of the author what he was feeling as well as what others (victims) were feeling. Then I somehow, found myself recalling times that I too had displayed worry when coming down a dark street, at a club, or even in an empty train cart that would have me alone with a big man, on Lightness of Being Essay the other end of it and me feeling like the echoes of the rails would keep me distracted from subjectivism, my fears of something bad happening. For example I can recall a time when I was mugged while walking down my own street. It was during the Commentary on The Lightness of Being summer and ethical subjectivism examples it was 11pm. I rarely walk the streets at on The Lightness Essay, night but this was an exception.

My mothers flight got in last and analytical learning style she was hungry. I decided to walk to the pizza shop at the corner of my street and Commentary on The Lightness of Being Essay as I walked down my street I had noticed two men; one black and one white turn the corner together but split up when they saw me. I knew something was going to happen. Sure enough one of them ran towards my purse. WE both spun around and dropped to the sidewalk. Analytical? As you can imagine I had a strong grip on my purse and Lightness of Being Essay the purse itself was made of camel skin.

Another time I can recall minding my business waiting for my train in Chinatown and the odyssey a black man decided to expose himself to me repeatedly until my train. Words: 373 - Pages: 2. . with the way he looked and sought after ways to change his appearance. It comes from Michaels habit of constantly touching and covering his nose with the fingers of his left hand, a tic that becomes pronounced in on The Unbearable Lightness of Being news clips from this time (116). He was embarrassed of his nose and wanted to Essay about change the color of his skin. Lets not forget that his voice wasnt deepening like it should be so he would do vocal exercises to get to the right range. That must of Commentary Unbearable Lightness, been extremely time consuming and a lot of pressure to john donne flea put on a young man. My opinion has not changed of him still pretty indifferent. Commentary On The Essay? From the beginning of the story to end just indifferent not really caring but I have enjoyed a couple of john donne flea, his songs.

I will say I was surprised about on The Lightness him being self-conscious about his nose. John Donne Flea? That was not known to me, I always assumed that his he kept touching his nose to make sure it was still there because of all the surgeries I was told that it kept falling off his face. Works cited Sullivan. Jeremiah, John. FEET IN SMOKE. Pulphead Essays. Commentary Unbearable Lightness? New York, 2011. 43-53. Print. Sullivan. Jeremiah, John. AT A SHELTER (AFTER KATRINA). Pulphead Essays.

New York, 2011. 79-88. Print. Sullivan. Jeremiah, John. MICHAEL. Pulphead Essays. Calypso The Odyssey? New York, 2011. 109-126. Print.

Words: 805 - Pages: 4. . Devante Hunter April 4, 2015 B.Price Comp 2 Lowering the Drinking Age Has Serious Consequences I Devante Hunter have come up with a set of agreements after scanning and Commentary Lightness reading of the following article Lowering the drinking age has serious consequences. My first agreement is that if they were to from lower the of Being Essay drinking age than there will be higher risk of unintended pregnancy, and possibly infant health, or worse lead to death. I like how many states decided to change the law from 18 to 21 after researching and looking back at the 1980s. I strongly agree with the author when she says lower the drinking age would likely cause this period of alcohol-related criminal activity to start earlier and last longer. (Watson, T.2015). Meaning more in quintuplets dionne depth detail that people would and Commentary Unbearable could start endangering their lives and other people who would happen to be around him/her at the time they have consumed too much alcohol and cant control their mind and can sometimes be outraged. She also states that further more results will occur if this would have been approved to lower the drinking age back from 21 to 18 Lowering the drinking will only succeed as part of a comprehensive set of policies that address the Essay about Concept Generation and Selection Prac Pre-report unintended consequences, alcohol availability to of Being Essay young adults must consider its adverse effects, including traffic fatalities, and crime. (Watson, T.2015). Ive also noticed there were two additional economists Christopher Carpenter and Carlos Dobkin in which they show arrest.

Words: 325 - Pages: 2. . I am writing the following in response to Ms Hoa's request to write comments for Language Skills 4A. First, the Language skills subject is an excellent course to take. It is very informative. And it has provided me with the foundation that I will need to make further advancement in Foreign Language coursework. The instructor, Ms Hoa, works very hard in quintuplets dionne class to get his ideas across to the students. I really enjoy the Commentary Lightness Essay way she uses her voice to examples command students' attention.

Ms Hoa is very thorough in on The Unbearable lecturing. However, you already knew that we have to quintuplets practice writing, reading, grammar. I think the pace of this course is hard and fast. the students can not manage their time effectively in order to receive quality materials day-in, day-out. I was reminded of the old adage, Practice makes perfect, Those exercise assignments took hours and hours to complete! But we do not have time enough. The pressure on time made it difficult be prepared.

I was still surprised at the intensive pressure, especially when the final examination of the semester was approaching. Personally, we should separate 4A and 4B into: Listening and Speaking, Grammar and Unbearable Lightness Essay Writing, and Reading and Vocabulary. And I would like to ethical subjectivism examples have seen more real practice given in the lectures. On The Lightness? For me, this helps to crystallize the definites, grammars by placing them in context. Quintuplets Dionne? Finally, the book which we used is on The Essay too old, we need to choose other materials. I'm sorry if this is offensive, but that's the way I feel. I. Words: 288 - Pages: 2. . Loose Change The short story is a about a woman who lives in London or a Londoner as she calls it. One day her period comes early as she is walking into the National Portrait Gallery to get warm. She doesnt have any change for the tampon machine so she asks in the bathroom if anyone has got some change she could borrow.

One girl responds. The girl and her brother fled from push factor, Uzbekistan, she is now homeless and all of Unbearable Lightness Essay, her money can be kept in about Concept and Selection Prac Pre-report one pocket. The woman decides to take her out for a cup of Unbearable Essay, tea out of gratefulness for the change she borrowed from quintuplets dionne, her. Unbearable Lightness Essay? The girl tells the woman about why she is now in analytical style England and how she and on The Lightness of Being Essay her brother are now sleeping on the streets of London every night. At one point the girl starts crying. The woman leaves to get her some napkins, but as she has the napkins in her hand she turns around and examples leaves the Commentary on The of Being cafe.

The story is written in first-person narration and has a linear structure. The story is reaching towards many well discussed topics such as immigration. In the story we follow a classic Londoner who keeps to herself and minds her own business. You can say that she is a very reserved personality (pg. 1 line 1-3).

The conflict appears when she befriends a refugee from Uzbekistan. The girl is different, and she looks different as well. The woman wants to help her but for some reason something is stopping her. She seems to think that she, as a single mother, she has enough problems already. The woman seems very insecure. Words: 1189 - Pages: 5. . Change is inevitable in john donne flea life.

Everything around us is changing with the passage of time. Each individual get a change to bring a change in his life. Some welcome it with a smile as a challenge while other refute it and stick to their stereo type routines. Lightness Essay? The people who are in favor of bringing changes in dionne their life argue that change is very important to break the monotony of life. They further argue that an order to Commentary Unbearable Lightness of Being Essay swiftly excel in your career and financial status, change is inevitable. All the advancements in technology have been achieved through bringing a change. From the marketing point of view, in order to boost the sale of a product, the analytical learning style best way is to bring the changes in the shape and Commentary on The of Being specifications. So change, such as in your company or professional status, brings the diversity, flexibility and from the odyssey financial growth in the life on an individual. On the contrary, those who are not in favour of on The Lightness of Being, changing their lives, feel satisfied in their current circumstances.

They feel that in order to grow in about Concept and Selection Prac Pre-report their own profession and to gain a high position in their career, it is important to be consistent with their current job. They argue that to build a strong relationship one may need patience rather than giving up easily and moving on. So as per Unbearable Lightness Essay, them, life is the name of stability and persistence and calypso the odyssey as a result they opt for that. In my personal opinion change is the law of nature. The group of people who deny change are afraid of the after effects and not ready to.

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Each resume is thoroughly tested for clarity and readability, meaning that you could use ANY of these resumes and calypso from the odyssey land more interviews. So have fun, and pick one that suits your sense of design. But remember the Commentary on The Lightness of Being way you format your resume is extremely important depending on Essay Generation Pre-report how much experience you have, or if you have any job gaps. So be sure to modify downloaded files to you get to match your experience accordingly. Template Library 3: Professional Profile Layouts. Washington Brick Red.

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Then it might be time to push factor, add some style to Commentary on The Unbearable, your resume! Weve come up with a new set of creative designs that are the perfect blend of professionalism, personality, and just the right amount of Essay Concept and Selection Pre-report, style. These styles are great for graphic designers, artists, or anyone who wants to add a hint of character to Commentary Lightness Essay, their job search. Template Library 5: Career Life Situations. Job Hopper Original. Mid-Level Dark Blue. Career Changer Brick Red. Whether its entry-level, manager, or executive, every job seeker experiences different phases throughout their career. Some phases, like being in the middle of a complete career change or hopping around short-term jobs, are quite difficult to transfer on a resume. Fortunately, we have created a new library of templates specifically tailored to the various stages of a career.

Remember: You can download any of these resume templates for free and add the bullet points yourself, or you can make a resume in minutes with Resume Genius renowned resume builder software. It can save you a lot of hassle designing and filling up your resume, and land you more interviews faster. However, if youd still like to push factor, make the resume on your own, use our industry-specific resume samples to give you guidance and inspiration when writing your own resume. Commentary Unbearable Lightness. Lastly, dont forget to check out our professional cover letter examples. Not Sure Which Template to Choose?

The answer is yes if you want to. Every persons experience is ethical unique, so youll need to choose a template that best reflects and promotes your skills and experiences.Our templates are built to be customizable to any industry and Commentary Unbearable Lightness are great for any of the 3 resume formats. The fact is, the web is filled with so many fantastic and creative template designs that there is undoubtedly something for push factor you out there. We are proud of the designs weve created, and Commentary Unbearable Lightness have seen that they are effective at landing interviews. But were not finished yet well be adding template designs to style, this page extensively in the near future.

If you feel like creating your own, thats fine too. On The Unbearable Of Being Essay. Readability is push factor king when creating a good template it is the most important factor, followed by how the resume itself is structured to showcase your best experiences and conceal your negative ones. You may have read on the Internet that its inappropriate to use a resume template. Youll hear these arguments: 1. It shows youre lazy and uncreative, and Unbearable Lightness unable to analytical style, design your own. Wrong, it shows youre efficient. (Creating your own is fine, too.) 2. Since your experience is unique, a resume template wont cut it. Wrong again.

Your experience is personally unique, but you still generally fall into pattern that many other people have traveled before. 3. Commentary Lightness Essay. The hiring manager will be tired of looking at Concept that resume template design because a lot of other people use it. That hiring manager should be fired. Commentary On The Of Being. Its the push factor content of on The Unbearable Lightness of Being Essay, your resume that matters, not the push factor aesthetic (unless its not readable.) We hope that clears up any misconceptions you may have had.

We invite you to Unbearable, scroll back to the top and calypso from the odyssey choose from Commentary on The Unbearable Lightness Essay, one of analytical, our many resume libraries, and start writing. cover letter for on The of Being nursing. Should i include collegiate sports in my resume? And if so where? It depends how much professional experience you have. If you are a recent college grad, then it is acceptable to john donne flea, include on your resume. Good luck on on The Essay the job hunt! Good luck on about Concept Generation Prac the job hunt! If the jobs are relevant to the ones you are applying for, then you can go as far back as you like.

With regards to your military experience, check out Commentary on The, our military to civilian resume guide: Any of the templates in library 2 would be suitable for manufacturing careers. Best of luck! Ive worked in the same industry for the past 13 years. Multiple employers with jobs lasting two to three years each. Essay About Concept Generation. The jobs have been similar, so the experience looks a bit repetitive. I need to find a template that highlights my experience without getting bogged down in the chronology, Any suggestions? It provides ample space for your professional experience, while also highlighting your top qualifications.

Good luck on the job hunt! hi resume genius.. i need template resume that suitable for trainer and coach.. can u suggest to me with template is suitable.. #128578; I had a job for Unbearable Lightness Essay 7 years and calypso from during that time I wore many hats, Executive Admin, Purchasing, Vendor Management, Project Coordination, etc. How would I write that on my resume? Perhaps the Company name and then all the related roles under that and the times I did those jobs? I was always the Executive Admin, but I did other jobs during that period. Yes, your suggestion is correct.

Start with the company name and included the related jobs with their own bullet points underneath. Good luck! Consider trying the Job Hopper or the Executive. They should able to fit all your jobs nicely. Ive never had a job so what should I use? Most of the templates above would suit your situation, but we suggest trying the Career Changer template because it emphasizes skills over on The Unbearable Lightness of Being, the dates of your professional experience. ( Best of luck! We suggest using the Gatsby Template. Good luck with grad school!

As far as style, we suggest our Professional template. In terms of format, if you want to include your restaurant experience, then you might want to consider using a functional format: Hope this helps! We suggest using our Entry-Level template. Good luck with the internship! Good Day Resume Genius.Im a midwife by profession an has worked in Essay Concept Pre-report a military hospital for 16 years in KSA. Im trying to apply as a home based ESL educator and an email respondent . Since Im from the on The Unbearable Lightness of Being medical profession, Im having difficulty in choosing the perfect resume.The skill I know is push factor more on Commentary on The Lightness Essay the medical.,clerical which involes data entry for calypso from the odyssey appointments and summary, interpreter and my part time informal english lessons to native speaking arabs. What template should I use? Try the Murray template. Of Being Essay. Good luck!

Hello. Which is push factor good for cabin crew applicant? I have no many work experience in service. So i want to highlight the other things. Thanks #128578; Take a look at our Flight Attendant resume sample: You can download it and input your own information. Which template would you recommend for a career in education?

Check out our teacher resume samples: You can download them and input your own experience. Try using the Freeman template. Unbearable Lightness Of Being Essay. Best of luck on the promotion! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for push factor a college freshman trying to Commentary Unbearable Essay, apply for push factor a competitive summer program with the USDA and South Dakota State University? Sound like the Entry-Level template would be a good fit for what youre trying to do. Good luck with the summer program.

Hi! Which resume template would you recommend for someone trying to tap into the finance and accounting market. Looking for an entry-level position. You should go with the Entry-Level template. Good luck with the of Being Essay job hunt. I have worked 32+ years as a nurse, the Essay Concept Pre-report last 4 years taking care of my elderly father and online work. Now seeking to get back into the job market for extra income, not necessarily in the health field, just to earn some income and Unbearable Lightness of Being socialize. Subjectivism Examples. What resume do you suggest? Try the Job Hopper template.

Good luck with your job search! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for Commentary Lightness a 9th grader trying to apply for a doctor (any)?? Apparently, resume making and Essay Pre-report interviewing is our project for on The Unbearable Lightness the fourth quarter this year. I couldnt find any clear examples on the web, and ethical examples I was hoping you could help me out with what template I should use.. Try using the Elegant 2.0 template. Good luck on your project. Yes, if you click the View all Resume Designs button and click the download link for the template pack of your choice. If youve never written a resume before, Id recommend checking out Commentary on The, our How to john donne flea, Write a Resume guide to Commentary on The of Being Essay, get a clearer idea (its much more comprehensive than any answer I can give here). Hit us up with any follow-up questions after giving that a read well see if we can help further! Good luck!

Hey there Margaret, In order to best understand which template works, its a good idea to from the odyssey, check out Commentary on The of Being, which resume format fits your particular needs; then you can take it from there. All of the templates were created by professional resume writers, so its hard to go wrong with any of analytical learning, them it just depends on your preference. Good luck! It really depends on what job youre applying for.

Since you have substantial work experience, try quantifying that in your resume (think: any numbers that a hiring manager can look at and better understand what you accomplished during your time working there). Check out this page and choose the one you find most fitting, that should be a good start: Good luck on the job hunt! Hey there hbil036, This way, you can focus on your skills qualifications critical to the job application. As an aside, you may want to Commentary Unbearable Essay, look into whether youre qualified to get back into accounting after that many years outside of the field. I understand that some regulations and rules change over the years it may just be a matter of subjectivism, taking a test or updating your certifications, but Im not certain. If that doesnt seem to be a problem then go with the Commentary Lightness of Being functional resume for sure. Good luck on the job hunt! If you are lacking in major experience, Id recommend using a reverse chronological format for your resume. Our Classic template on this page should do the trick: Good luck at the job fair!

I recommend you first check out our internship resume sample page: Essay About Generation And Selection Pre-report. Afterwards, feel free to choose any format just use a comprehensive education section instead of a professional experience section, and you should be good. Unbearable Essay. Good luck landing that internship! Share Free Downloadable Resume Templates Our code geeks and subjectivism HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in todays competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to Commentary Unbearable Lightness, choose from, and easy export to learning, MS Word and on The Unbearable Lightness of Being Essay PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox.

By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of Use and john donne flea Privacy Policy. Play the Unbearable Essay One-Minute Game Thatll Show You How to Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the john donne flea quality of a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you. Put your skills to of Being Essay, the test, and Essay Prac learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Bradys resume is a couple yards short of Commentary Unbearable Lightness of Being Essay, a touchdown. There are tons of errors throughout. See why. How to Modify and john donne flea Maximize your Resume Template.

Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to make small modifications to Commentary Lightness, unlock your. Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job. Resume Builder Comparison | Resume Genius vs. LinkedIn Labs. What are the differences between the major online resume builders? Here's an in depth analysis of what. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on some of the analytical learning style world's leading online and offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to Commentary on The Essay, introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market.

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adhd case studies uk Calming a Disruptive Student. It was Thursday at 2:00 and Mrs. Edmonds realized that in fifteen minutes Mr. Berger's third grade class was due to begin music class. She dreaded teaching Mr. Berger's class because of one student: Jason Hendricks. Jason was diagnosed with ADHD when he was six years old. He is now 8. Commentary On The Unbearable Lightness Essay. As he has gotten older, Jason has had more difficulty participating in group singing games because he can't seem to push factor, sit in one place for more than 30 seconds. Commentary. He disrupts all cooperative learning activities by pulling other students' hair, jumping up and down, waving his hands and head, among other things. While he has never threatened or hit other students, his behavior is push factor, just disruptive enough to misdirect the other students' attention to Commentary Unbearable Lightness of Being Essay, the task at hand.

It seemed to Mrs. Edmonds that every time the class activity was going well Jason would begin to act out and the students would dissolve into peals of from the odyssey laughter. Calming a Disruptive Student - solutions. Mrs. Edmonds consulted with Jason's counselor and asked for a meeting with Jason's parents. She learned that Jason was doing well in class but would often not be able to control his behavior or focus on reading assignments.

Jason's parents told Mrs. Edmonds that they had worked out a verbal signal (check yourself) with Jason to let him know when his behavior was beginning to get out of hand. The counselor recommended placing Jason closer to the front of the room nearer to the teacher to enable Mrs. Edmonds to monitor his behavior more closely. Mrs.

Edmonds was able to work with the principal to reschedule. Working with a Committee. Mr. Unbearable Lightness Of Being Essay. Denny was scheduled to attend Derrick's IEP meeting this morning. He dreaded going because always felt intimidated by the school psychologist. It also seemed to Mr. Denny that the school psychologist was in a hurry to get the calypso from the odyssey, meeting finished and did not consider Mr.

Denny's requests or questions. Working with a committee - solutions. Mr. Denny wrote down all of his questions and Commentary on The Unbearable Lightness Essay submitted them to the school psychologist a few days before the quintuplets dionne, next meeting. Of Being Essay. At the meeting, the push factor, school psychologist addressed each of the questions, and Mr. Denny made a point to ask for a clear explanation, especially when the psychologist used acronyms. Mr. Denny also took the opportunity to ask for an explanation of the IEP and ask how the goals could be met in the music classroom. Melany, a fourth grader, has Asperger Syndrome. On The Lightness. Her teacher, Mrs.

Smith, has noted that Melany reads well, writes some words and push factor phrases using a computer, however, has difficulty talking with her peers. Melany is also able to perform some American Sign Language gestures. Often when asked a question, Melany does not look directly at Mrs. Smith or the other children and appears to be focused on other subjects. She does not look anyone directly In the Commentary on The Unbearable Essay, eyes, however, as she has become more familiar with her classmates, Melany is able to communicate through a combination of words, gestures, and symbols. In her core subjects, Melany's ability to successfully work at grade-level is dependent upon the requirements of the subject matter. The Child Study Team recommended curricular adaptations that have increased Melany's ability to complete assignments.

Her curricular adaptations involve a combination of simplified objectives in math and push factor language arts as well as altered, functional objectives in the areas of school routines, self-help, and communication. Therefore, at some times during the day, Melany works on the same objectives as her classmates, except at a different level. For instance, when her classmates are using the writing process to write a brief book report on the computer, she fulfills this assignment by completing a form developed by the special education teacher. While Melany feels comfortable with Mrs. Smith and her classmates, she often over reacts negatively to certain sounds that no one else seems to hear and she interrupts conversations and appears rude.

Mrs. Smith has helped her to Commentary on The Unbearable Lightness of Being, focus on the communication, social, and self-management skills that will enable her to function more independently in her school and community. For example, if the group work continues for longer than Melany is able to effectively participate, she is given permission to use the computer to write a note about her school day for push factor her take-home journal. Melany sometimes becomes frustrated in class and Commentary Unbearable Lightness of Being will act out by screaming or crying. She has difficulty relating with peers and is unable to choose a group, or find a group easily. The Child Study Team has recommended that Melany take several preventative movement breaks to relieve her stress and that she use the provided opportunities to use self-calming strategies when necessary to lower her frustration level and to help stay focused. In music class, Melany is accompanied by an aide who sits with her. Since she is very limited in communication skills and cannot sing songs with the group, the music teacher assigns Melany to push factor, play simple percussion instruments, but is on The Unbearable Essay, unsure as to how she can more fully integrate Melany into the music activities. About Concept. In music class Melany could perhaps. On The Unbearable Essay. provide sign language for songs. provide ostinato accompaniments to songs sung by the class. It would be good for her to be able to role play or have a simulation of what the music lesson was going to involve before class. As a part of her difference, Melany is a good rule follower.

She will want to john donne flea, know what the on The Lightness of Being Essay, academic as well as behavioral rules are. She may enjoy learning about lines and spaces and their names because they are rules and they never change. Dionne. Some forms of communication are symbols (pictures) that convey a word's meaning. Commentary Unbearable Essay. A chart of symbols or pictures can display what is expected of her, for example, pictures of her displaying good behaviors in music. Students with Aspergers Syndrome sometimes obsess about push factor, things that are of high interest to her. Collections of facts or ideas included in projects, reports, songs, or activities would perhaps be helpful. Repetitive motions (like the ostinato) are good for on The Unbearable Lightness helping her contribute to the music class and practice self-calming while allowing her to focus on dionne, an enjoyable activity. Melany may need to be assigned to groups and have peer groups built for her during class. She also needs to Commentary Unbearable Lightness of Being Essay, be provided with frequent movement breaks as she and/or the aide feels necessary.

These breaks are for her to practice self-calming strategies. Working with a paraprofessional. Lena had been teaching high school band for 15 years. Her band consistently earned Superior Ratings at push factor festivals and competitions and Commentary on The Unbearable Lightness Essay was widely considered one of the best bands in the Central Tennessee Valley. Lena's school system had undergone some changes in calypso from the odyssey the past five years as more special education students were coming to her high school (Redbird High School) for vocational and academic studies. The number of special education faculty had increased significantly and Lena was having difficulty explaining to Commentary on The Unbearable Lightness, the special educators that her band was not the place for students with moderate disabilities.

Shawn was placed in analytical style Lena's Concert Band at the beginning of the spring semester. Lena was informed of Commentary Lightness his arrival the day before school began and ethical he came to Commentary on The Lightness Essay, class with a trumpet, band book, and paraprofessional. Quintuplets Dionne. Lena had never worked with a paraprofessional before and really saw the inclusion of the student, and another adult as a major intrusion in her already busy life. Shawn had played trumpet in another band program and Commentary on The Unbearable Lightness Essay seemed prepared to play; however, he missed all his cues, dropped the music off the analytical learning, stand twice, and laughed very loudly at Unbearable Lightness other students' mistakes. The paraprofessional sat in the back of the room and watched class. Lena was incensed and immediately called a Case Study meeting. About And Selection Prac. At the meeting, Lena voiced her frustrations and requested that Shawn be moved to choir, or guitar, rather than be in her very competitive band program. Unbearable Lightness Of Being. Her request was refused and as the discussion progressed, she slowly realized that it was perhaps unfair of about Generation and Selection Pre-report her to insist that special education students take choir or guitar rather than band. The paraprofessional stayed after the meeting to talk with Lena. On The Unbearable Lightness Of Being. She told Lena that Shawn was very capable and could do well in band with their help. Lena and Annie (the paraprofessional), began to work on a plan together.

Annie did not read music yet was willing to learn. Lena taught Annie the basics of quintuplets dionne music reading, gave her the band handbook to get an idea of the program expectations, and the two agreed to meet once a week to discuss Shawn and plan ways to help him succeed. Annie began sitting next to Shawn in class and Commentary Essay slowly moved her chair away from dionne, him as he became more independent. Annie was able to assist Shawn in Commentary on The Unbearable Lightness of Being Essay marking his parts, counting rests, and john donne flea they brought a heavier and sturdier music stand that was not easily toppled over. She also began to Commentary on The Essay, assist other students occasionally and was able to identify behavioral and john donne flea academic issues in Unbearable of Being several students who sat near the back of the analytical learning, band room. By the Commentary on The Unbearable Lightness of Being, end of the calypso from, year, Lena and Annie were looking forward to working together as another two students would be included in the band program the Commentary on The Unbearable Lightness, following school year. Jamal was a first year teacher at Hull Elementary School. Subjectivism. He had worked hard to learn all the school procedures, set up his classroom for the success of all students, and Lightness was aware of from all students with special needs.

He thought he was prepared for anything. The third week of school, Amaya's parents called to set up a meeting with him. Jamal thought this was strange as he had only seen Amaya a couple of Commentary on The Lightness of Being times and she had done well in class. He knew Amaya had difficulty with transitions and was sometimes unable to participate in class because of mobility issues (Amaya uses a wheelchair). When Jamal arrived at the meeting, he saw both of Amaya's parents, the push factor, Principal, and an advocate with a degree in special education law. The parents and advocate were very vocal in their opposition to Amaya being excluded from activities because of her disability and demanded that she receive a special music class each week and that her inclusion music class be made 100% accessible to her. Jamal didn't say much in the meeting because he was completely intimidated by the parents and advocate. The Principal did not really seem to be in his corner either. Jamal went home after the Commentary on The Lightness of Being, meeting to think about how to proceed.

Pushy parents - solutions. Push Factor. Jamal met with the special education staff and carefully reviewed Amaya's IEP. Lightness. He discovered that she was supposed to have a paraprofessional with her during music classes that included dances, circle games, and any movement. He also learned that Amaya sometimes exaggerated situations to gain the undivided attention of her parents. The special education staff agreed to work with Jamal and to have someone present when his lesson plans indicated a need. Calypso The Odyssey. The special education staff also talked with Jamal about an important Supreme Court Case (Rowley) that highlighted the Commentary Unbearable Lightness of Being, difference between an ultimate experience in push factor school and an experience that was made free, appropriate, and of equal opportunity to everyone. Of Being. The special education staff and Principal (who was just having a bad day the day of the meeting) agreed to john donne flea, discuss this with the on The Unbearable of Being Essay, parents and the advocate who was probably aware of the court case as well. Sam is 14 years old and a ninth grader at his local high school.

He is a highly articulate young man who has characteristics of pervasive developmental disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Sam has a wide range of academic skills; his vocabulary skills, reading comprehension, and general knowledge are his strengths, whereas he finds math and other skill areas that require close attention and decision making to be more challenging. Sam's schedule includes general-level academic courses and analytical electives that allow him to on The Unbearable Lightness, explore vocational options. He receives full-time special education instruction and support from Essay about, a special education teacher or assistant and one period per day of direct instruction in a resource setting. Curriculum adaptations for Commentary on The Unbearable of Being Sam involve simplifying the content by eliminating technical, conceptually difficult, or confusing material. Because of his curricular modifications, Sam will be a candidate for calypso from the odyssey an IEP diploma rather than an academic diploma. Sam is in the 7th grade band at Belle Valley Middle School. He is a percussionist. The director likes to have students become proficient on all percussion instruments including mallet percussion. On The Of Being. Sam chose snare drum because he liked the analytical, rat-a-tat sound and his dad played snare drum in his college marching band. Sam takes snare drum lessons from a symphony member.

He also likes to tape Drum and Bugle Corps competitions from Commentary on The Lightness, TV and watches them in an obsessive manner. Sam's primary goal in music is to become a snare drummer in the high school marching band, which is award winning and nationally known. The high school director has been at calypso from the odyssey Valley High School for 20 years and is not a fan of inclusion. Sam is an outstanding snare drummer and the high school director would like to have him included in the band if he can increase his ability to Lightness of Being, interact in age appropriate ways. Push Factor. In band class, Sam becomes extremely upset when anyone touches his snare drum.

He insists on transporting his drum every day from school to home. Because he is very verbal, Sam will engage in disruptive conversations if anyone touches his snare drum or sticks. He refuses to play mallet percussion, snare drum, or timpani, yet, can occasionally be talked into playing triangle because he likes the shiny metal. Sam's private teacher works with him on on The Unbearable Lightness, rudiments and stick technique, however, Sam does not perform well on music theory exams. He does well on listening exams.

Prior to the beginning of the school term, the special education teacher, Sam, his father, and band director will meet with the entire percussion section. The students will be introduced to Sam and will be given a better understanding of Sam and about Concept and Selection Pre-report his differences. Weekly collaborative meetings with Sam, the band director, and Sam's father will help Sam progress in an area he clearly loves. The private teacher is unable to attend the meetings, but is willing to send a weekly notification as to progress and behavior with Sam's father. The focus of Commentary of Being Essay these meetings will be to analytical learning style, monitor Sam's progress toward more age appropriate social skills within the band setting. Audio tapes should be prepared for each selection of music. The private teacher can do this in a lesson, or other percussion section members. His snare drum should be placed at the outside of the section to reduce the possibility of disruption (not isolation - just preferential positioning). Frustration can be alleviated through the opportunity to leave the Unbearable Lightness of Being Essay, classroom with a prearranged activity (taking a note or a paper to the special education teacher that has already been written by the director).

The director can ask Sam to take the item, and then he can leave the analytical style, room. The academic requirements for Sam will need to be modified according to Commentary Unbearable Lightness, the IEP summaries (present level of performance). Foremost in this is the communication between school, home, and the private teacher. This could be the class that saves Sam. Susan is in an auditioned 9th grade concert chorus.

This is her first year in chorus after an unsuccessful attempt at violin. About Concept Generation. She auditioned for Commentary Unbearable Lightness of Being Essay the group at the end of 8th grade. The audition piece was the john donne flea, Star-Spangled Banner. The director was very impressed with her voice and immediately accepted her into her first soprano section with no knowledge of her reading disability. Susan reads at Commentary on The of Being Essay the 2nd grade level. She has an excellent sense of pitch and a lovely singing voice. She is very motivated to learn and loves chorus. Susan sings in church choir where her director teaches primarily by push factor, rote.

Susan is extremely popular with her peers. Her peers know she has difficulty with reading because she is an inclusion student. Commentary Unbearable. Her parents pay for private tutoring, however, her peers do not know how severe her reading disability is. The first week of school, things go remarkably well for quintuplets Susan in chorus. Unbearable Essay. They are practicing for dionne the first assembly where they will sing the Commentary on The of Being Essay, school song, the ethical examples, Star-Spangled Banner, and an easy arrangement of This Land Is Your Land. Week two, the new music and music folders are created and students are asked to get them. The folders are full of new music and are filed according to last name. Commentary Unbearable. Susan cannot find her folder, which puzzles the teacher who has still not received any information about Susan being a student with special needs. By the end of that rehearsal, the choral director has made a note to see the guidance counselor at her lunch break because she knows Susan may need some assistance. The teacher needs to get IEP summaries that assess Susan's present level of functioning. She also needs to meet with the special education teacher and Susan's parents to get a better idea of her abilities, disabilities, and some direction as to how to analytical learning, accommodate Susan in choir.

Possible solutions to help Susan include some of the on The Lightness of Being, following: 1. Making an audio tape of the analytical learning, music - preferably before the on The, music is first introduced in class. It would be best if this just included the soprano line. Later, it may be helpful to include all parts on the tape. 2. Adapting music theory work according to her IEP needs. 3. Allowing her to quintuplets dionne, use a highlighter (erasable) on her music so that she can more easily see her vocal line. During study hall, perhaps Susan can practice her tapes.

Her special education teacher should be supplied with copies of everything Susan is going to sing. These words can be used as vocabulary words to assist her in using the lyrics as a reading activity and to decode unknown words in the music. On The Lightness Of Being. Any written communication regarding field trips, competitions, fund raisers, concerts, etc. should be reviewed aurally with Susan so she will understand the importance of taking this information home to her parents.

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essay on news media Robert G. Kaiser. I n 1998, Ralph Terkowitz, a vice president of The Washington Post Co., got to know Sergey Brin and Larry Page, two young Silicon Valley entrepreneurs who were looking for backers. Terkowitz remembers paying a visit to the garage where they were working and keeping his car and driver waiting outside while he had a meeting with them about the Unbearable Lightness Essay idea that eventually became Google. An early investment in Google might have transformed the Post 's financial condition, which became dire a dozen years later, by which time Google was a multi-billion dollar company. But nothing happened. “We kicked it around,” Terkowitz recalled, but the then-fat Post Co. From The Odyssey? had other irons in other fires.

Such missteps are not surprising. People living through a time of Commentary Unbearable Lightness of Being, revolutionary change usually fail to grasp what is going on around them. The American news business would get a C minus or worse from any fair-minded professor evaluating its performance in the first phase of the Digital Age. Big, slow-moving organizations steeped in their traditional ways of doing business could not accurately foresee the next stages of about Concept Generation Pre-report, a technological whirlwind. Obviously, new technologies are radically altering the ways in which we learn, teach, communicate, and are entertained.

It is impossible to know today where these upheavals may lead, but where they take us matters profoundly. Unbearable Of Being? How the digital revolution plays out over time will be particularly important for journalism, and therefore to the United States, because journalism is the craft that provides the lifeblood of a free, democratic society. The Founding Fathers knew this. They believed that their experiment in self-governance would require active participation by an informed public, which could only dionne, be possible if people had unfettered access to information. James Madison, author of the First Amendment guaranteeing freedom of speech and of the press, summarized the proposition succinctly: “The advancement and diffusion of knowledge is the only guardian of true liberty.” Thomas Jefferson explained to Lightness of Being, his French friend, the Marquis de Lafayette, The only security of all is in a free press. The force of public opinion cannot be resisted when permitted freely to be expressed.” American journalists cherish another of push factor, Jefferson's remarks: “Were it left to me to on The Unbearable Lightness Essay, decide whether we should have a government without newspapers or newspapers without a government, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter.” The journalistic ethos that animated many of the push factor Founders was embodied by a printer, columnist, and Commentary on The Unbearable of Being editor from Philadelphia named Benjamin Franklin. The printing press, which afforded Franklin his livelihood, remained the engine of American democracy for dionne, more than two centuries. But then, in the second half of the 20th century, new technologies began to undermine long-established means of sharing information. First television and then the computer and the Internet transformed the way people got their news.

Nonetheless, even at the end of the century, the business of providing news and analysis was still a profitable enough undertaking that it could support large organizations of professional reporters and editors in print and broadcast media. Now, however, in the first years of the Commentary Unbearable of Being 21st century, accelerating technological transformation has undermined the business models that kept American news media afloat, raising the possibility that the great institutions on which we have depended for news of the world around us may not survive. These are painful words to write for someone who spent 50 years as a reporter and ethical subjectivism examples editor at The Washington Post . For the first 15 years of my career, the Post 's stories were still set in lead type by linotype machines, now seen only in museums. We first began writing on computers in the late 1970s, which seemed like an unequivocally good thing until the rise of the Internet in the 1990s. Then, gradually, the ground began to shift beneath us. Unbearable Lightness? By the time I retired earlier this year, the Graham family had sold the Post to Jeff Bezos, the founder of Amazon, for $250 million, a small fraction of its worth just a few years before. Donald Graham, the chief executive at the time, admitted that he did not know how to save the newspaper. In fact, digital technology has flummoxed the owners of traditional news media, especially newspapers, from the beginning. For example, in 1983, in john donne flea, the early years of computerized production of newspapers when almost no one knew what was coming, The New York Times almost committed digital suicide. The Times decided it only needed to retain the rights to the electronic versions of its stories for 24 hours after publication. To make a little extra money, the on The Unbearable Lightness Essay Times sold rights to everything older than 24 hours to Mead Data Central, owners of the Lexis-Nexis service.

Mead Data Central then sold electronic access to Times stories to law firms, libraries, and the public. By the early 1990s, as the Internet was becoming functional and popular, this arrangement was a big and growing problem: newspapers, including the john donne flea Times , were planning “online,” computerized editions, but the Times had sold control of its own product to Mead Data. Luckily for the country's best newspaper, the Anglo-Dutch firm Reed Elsevier bought Mead Data in 1994. The sale triggered a provision in the original Times -Mead contract that allowed the Unbearable Times to reclaim the electronic rights to its own stories. That enabled the Times to john donne flea, put its journalism online in 1995. But putting newspapers online has not remotely restored their profitability. For the moment, The New York Times is making a small profit, but its advertising revenues are not reassuring. On The Unbearable Lightness? The Washington Post made profits of more than $120 million a year in the late 1990s, and today loses moneylast year more than $40 million.

Newsweek magazine failed, and Time magazine is teetering. Once-strong regional newspapers from Los Angeles to Miami, from Chicago to Philadelphia, find themselves in desperate straits, their survival in doubt. News divisions of the major television networks have been cutting back for more than two decades, and are now but a feeble shadow of their former selves. Overall the economic devastation would be difficult to exaggerate. One statistic conveys its dimensions: the advertising revenue of all America's newspapers fell from $63.5 billion in 2000 to about $23 billion in 2013, and is still falling. Traditional news organizations' financial well-being depended on the willingness of advertisers to pay to reach the mass audiences they attracted. Advertisers were happy to pay because no other advertising medium was as effective. But in the digital era, which has made it relatively simple to target advertising in very specific ways, a big metropolitan or national newspaper has much less appeal. Internet companies like Google and Facebook are able to sort audiences by push factor the most specific criteria, and thus to offer advertisers the possibility of spending their money only on ads they know will reach only on The Unbearable Lightness, people interested in what they are selling. About Concept Generation Prac? So Google, the master of targeted advertising, can provide a retailer selling sheets and towels an Commentary Unbearable Essay audience existing exclusively of people who have gone online in the last month to ethical examples, shop for sheets and towels. This explains why even as newspaper revenues have plummeted, the ad revenue of Google has leapt upward year after yearfrom $70 million in 2001 to Commentary, an astonishing $50.6 billion in 2013.

That is more than two times the Generation combined advertising revenue of every newspaper in America last year. And the Commentary on The Essay situation for proprietors of newspapers and magazines is likely to get worse. One alarming set of statistics: Americans spend about 5 percent of the time they devote to media of all kinds to magazines and newspapers. But nearly 20 percent of about Concept Generation Prac Pre-report, advertising dollars still go to print media. Commentary On The Unbearable Lightness Essay? So print media today are getting billions more than they probably deserve from push factor advertisers who, governed by the inertia so common in human affairs, continue to buy space in publications that are steadily losing audience, especially among the young. When those advertisers wake up, revenues will plummet still further. King County Journal. Union City Register Tribune. Halifax Daily News. Rocky Mountain News.

News organizations have tried to Unbearable, adapt to the new realities. As the Internet became more popular and more important in Essay about Concept and Selection Pre-report, the first decade of the 21st century, newspaper proprietors dreamed of paying for their newsrooms by mimicking their traditional business model in the online world. Their hope was to create mass followings for their websites that would appeal to advertisers the way their ink-on-paper versions once did. But that’s not what happened. The news organizations with the most popular websites did attract lots of on The, eyeballs, but general advertising on their sites did not produce compelling results for advertisers, so they did not buy as much of it as the papers had hoped. And the price they paid for it steadily declined, because as the Internet grew, the number of sites offering advertising opportunities assured that “supply” outstripped “demand.” Advertising revenues for the major news sites never amounted to even a significant fraction of the revenues generated by printed newspapers in the golden age. There seems little prospect today that online advertising revenues will ever be as lucrative as advertising on paper once was. The other online innovation that has devastated newspapers is push factor Craigslist, the on The Unbearable free provider of what the analytical newspapers call “classified advertising,” the small items in small print used by individuals and on The Lightness businesses for generations to buy and push factor sell real estate and merchandise, and to hire workers.

Twenty years ago classifieds provided more than a third of the revenue of The Washington Post . On The Of Being Essay? Craigslist has destroyed that business for the Post and every major paper in the country. The Philadelphia Inquirer/Daily News headquarters building on Broad Street in Philadelphia, October 6, 2005. The paper is one of many major newspapers facing cutbacks and dwindling circulation. D espite two decades of ethical subjectivism, trying, no one has found a way to make traditional news-gathering sufficiently profitable to on The of Being, assure its future survival. Serious readers of America's most substantial news media may find this description at the odyssey odds with their daily experience.

After all, The New York Times , The Wall Street Journal , and The Washington Post still provide rich offerings of good journalism every morning, and they have been joined by on The Essay numerous online providers of calypso from, both opinion and newseven of classic investigative reporting. Digital publications employ thousands of reporters and editors in new and sometimes promising journalistic enterprises. Is this a disaster? Of course notyet. But today's situation is probably misleading. Unbearable Essay? The laws of economics cannot be ignored or repealed. Nor can the actuarial tables.

Only about dionne a third of Americans under 35 look at Commentary Unbearable Lightness Essay a newspaper even once a week, and quintuplets dionne the percentage declines every year. A large portion of today's readers of the few remaining good newspapers are much closer to the grave than to high school. Today's young people skitter around the Internet like ice skaters, exercising their short attention spans by looking for fun and, occasionally, seeking out Commentary Lightness Essay serious information. Audience taste seems to be changing, with the quintuplets result that among young people particularly there is Unbearable Lightness of Being Essay a declining appetite for the sort of information packages the great newspapers provided, which included national, foreign and local news, business news, cultural news and john donne flea criticism, editorials and opinion columns, sports and on The Lightness of Being obituaries, lifestyle features, and science news. Alas for those who continue to want access to that kind of product, there is no right to reliable, intelligent, comprehensive journalism. Dionne? We only get it when someone provides it. And if it doesnt pay someone a profit, its not likely to be produced. New York City. 1959. Commentary On The Unbearable Essay? TV news anchorman Walter Cronkite.

Dennis Stock/Magnum Photos. B efore digital technology changed the world, the Concept news was quite orderly and predictable. To find out what was happening, you bought a paper, listened to the radio, or watched television. Of Being? Most people relied on one or two sources for all their newsa newspaper and a TV network, for example. A few institutions and learning style a few individuals dominated the provision of news: Walter Cronkite and John Chancellor; The New York Times and on The Lightness of Being Essay The Washington Post ; Time and ethical subjectivism Newsweek . Commentary Lightness? The universe of news providers was small and dionne also remarkably homogeneous. Commentary On The Unbearable Of Being? David Brinkley could move from push factor NBC to ABC without causing much of of Being Essay, a stir. When Roone Arledge, whose first big accomplishment was to examples, make ABC the Commentary Unbearable Lightness leading network for sports, was empowered to build a new ABC News, he did it by raiding the staffs of NBC and CBS.

Similarly, when Ted Turner launched CNN, he poached talent from the networks. This small, nearly-closed world rarely provided any surprises. Politically, the john donne flea big news organizations cast themselves as fair-minded and Commentary Unbearable Lightness Essay even-handed, never partisan. About Generation Pre-report? Time magazine may have been somewhat more conservative, The New York Times more liberal, but none drifted far from the center of the political spectrum. For nearly four decades after World War II, mainstream journalism was notably non-ideological. At the height of their success, all the best news organizations shared two important qualities: a strong sense of responsibility about Commentary on The Lightness their roles as providers of news and analysis, and quintuplets dionne plenty of money to spend on Lightness of Being, those missions. In their heyday, roughly the last third of the 20th century, these institutions tended to unify American society. News anchors like Cronkite, Chancellor, Tom Brokaw, Dan Rather, and subjectivism Peter Jennings were reassuring, avuncular figures with whom millions of Americans shared the dramas of the day.

All the mainstream print and broadcast media sought to provide an information supermarket whose aislesfrom sports to business to politics, foreign affairs, entertainment news, and Commentary on The Lightness Essay gossipwould hopefully attract mass audiences across all classes of society. And they made moneya lot of itby selling those mass audiences to advertisers. NBC/NBCU Photo Bank via Getty Images. The money allowed for an extravagant approach to news. Editors and producers could put their news instincts ahead of other considerations, including profitsat least occasionally. I did this myself, dispatching reporters around the country and the world with something awfully close to abandon when I was a senior editor of The Washington Post . The best newspapersthe best of a much more crowded field than exists todayinvested in Washington bureaus, foreign correspondents, and investigative reporting teams, not to mention luxuries almost unheard of now. John Donne Flea? For years, for example, no reporter for on The Lightness of Being, the Los Angeles Times had to suffer the push factor indignity of flying in coach; business or first class was the norm. The broadcast media enjoyed even more extravagance.

In the 1970s the three television networks each maintained large corps of foreign correspondents stationed in bureaus across the globe, and Commentary on The Lightness Essay also domestic bureaus in the major American cities. They all did serious documentaries and showed them in john donne flea, prime time. Editors and producers pursued stories that interested them, without much concern for how readers or viewers might react to the journalism that resulted. Unbearable Lightness Of Being? Members of this tribe of push factor, journalists shared a sense of on The of Being Essay, what “the news” was. The most influential of quintuplets, them were the editors and reporters on Unbearable of Being Essay, the best newspapers, whose decisions were systematically embraced and echoed by other editors and writers, as well as by the producers of television news. As many have noted now that their power has declined, these news executives were gatekeepers of a kind, deciding which stories got the most attention. The most obvious examples of their discretionary power came in the realm of investigative reporting. One of the Essay Generation Prac Pre-report cardinal events of this era was Walter Cronkite's decision in Lightness Essay, late October 1972 to report in detail on the CBS Evening News the findings of two young Washington Post reporters, Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward, on the developing Watergate scandal. Learning Style? Cronkite’s decision highlighted the strength of the news culture, while also helping to put the on The Unbearable Lightness Essay Post then still emerging as a leading newspaperat the center of national attention. This was a golden era in journalism, a time when a prosperous and widely-respected press demonstrated an unprecedented willingness to confront a sitting president.

Watergate and john donne flea the Vietnam War both made it much easier to challenge authority. Newspapers especially began to show increasing self-confidencesometimes it felt like arroganceby moving away from reactive journalism that focused on the events of the previous day and devoting more space and energy to of Being Essay, “enterprise” journalism, which included not just in-depth investigations, but stories about trends in society, profiles, and feature stories. Thanks to Essay about Concept and Selection Prac Pre-report, this new boldness, the relationship between reporters and government deteriorated and became quite contentious. Deference gave way to skepticism and, often, cynicism about the believability of Commentary of Being Essay, public officials and government agencies. One of the great symbolic moments of this era was the decision by the Nixon administration to seek a court order to stop The New York Times from publishing details of learning, a secret Pentagon history of the Commentary Vietnam war that a disgruntled official had leaked to john donne flea, the paper. Initially a federal district court accepted the government’s argument that publication endangered “national security,” and issued an order to the Times to cease publication of stories based on the “Pentagon Papers.” The Times 's source, Daniel Ellsberg, then leaked another set of the papers to The Washington Post , which hurriedly began preparing stories about them. Commentary Unbearable Lightness Of Being? The government sought court action to calypso, block the Commentary Unbearable of Being Essay Post as well. The Supreme Court agreed to take the case. The Times and Post hired some of the best (and most expensive) lawyers in ethical subjectivism, the country to argue for publication. The court quickly decided in on The Lightness Essay, favor of the newspapers' right to publish. John Donne Flea? Nixon's attempt to Commentary on The Lightness of Being, impose “prior restraint” on push factor, the American press had failed.

Two private corporations, the Times and Commentary on The Unbearable Lightness of Being Post companies, had defied the government and then persuaded the Supreme Court to let them get away with it. Journalists still remember this as a critical moment in the history of their business. 1902-03: Ida Tarbell profiles John D. Rockefeller and calypso from the Standard Oil Company The progressive era of the late 19th and early 20th centuries was a time of social activism as Americans and their president, Theodore Roosevelt, fought corruption and on The Unbearable of Being Essay monopolistic practices in push factor, government and industry. Tarbell, a former school teacher, wrote a series of articles for McClure’s Magazine about the giant Standard Oil Company and its owner John D. Rockefeller. The series was published in book form in 1904, and in 1911 the U.S. On The Unbearable Lightness Of Being Essay? Supreme Court found the company to examples, be in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act, causing its breakup.

Ironically, Tarbell didn’t like the term “muckraker,” which was applied to her and other reform-minded journalists of the era. 1906: Upton Sinclair exposes conditions in Chicago's meatpacking plants Chicago was America’s center of Unbearable Lightness of Being, meat processing and packing around the analytical learning turn of the century in 1900. Although Sinclair’s famous 1906 work, The Jungle , was a novel, he based it on on The Unbearable Lightness Essay, seven weeks in disguise working in calypso, Chicago’s meatpacking plants. His exposé of conditions that immigrant workers faced in the stockyards and the unsanitary practices of the industry coincided with passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act of Commentary on The Unbearable Lightness of Being Essay, 1906 and the Federal Meat Inspection Act of 1906. Sinclair later focused on American journalism itself, calling attention in 1920 to the practice of “yellow journalism” in his book The Brass Check . 1953: Murrey Marder dogs Sen. Joseph McCarthy's witch hunt In February 1950, U.S. Senator Joe McCarthy declared that more than 200 Communists were working at the U.S. State Department.

After his re-election in john donne flea, 1952, McCarthy conducted a series of hearings on the matter and implicated Army personnel in espionage. In 1953, Murrey Marder, writing for The Washington Post , began full-time coverage of Sen. Commentary Unbearable Lightness Of Being? McCarthy and push factor his hearings. Marder investigated the senator's accusations against Army personnel stationed at Fort Monmouth in New Jersey, finding that the on The Unbearable Lightness senator's charges against them were all false. Analytical Learning Style? Marder later opened the on The Lightness of Being London bureau of the The Post , and after his retirement, helped create the Nieman Watchdog Project. 1962-64: David Halberstam calls foul on the U.S. military's rosy Vietnam claims In October 1963, President John F. Kennedy was so upset about David Halberstam’s reporting from Saigon that he asked Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, the publisher of The New York Times , to transfer David Halberstam out of Vietnam. Since the previous year, Halberstam had offered dogged and skeptical coverage of U.S. government officials’ optimistic portrayals of their and analytical the South Vietnamese government’s efforts against North Vietnam. “The job of the reporters in Vietnam,” Halberstam wrote in 1965, “was to report the news, whether or not the news was good for America.” In 1964, Halberstam earned a Pulitzer Prize for his Vietnam reporting.

1969: Seymour Hersh exposes the My Lai massacre and cover-up In March 1968, U.S. Army soldiers massacred hundreds of civilians in My Lai, a South Vietnamese village. In the months following, Army commanders downplayed the Commentary on The Lightness incident, keeping it hidden from the public. John Donne Flea? However, due to pressure on the chain-of-command from Commentary Unbearable Lightness of Being Essay a soldier in the infantry company involved, Lieutenant William Calley, Jr. was court martialed in September 1969 for his role. The public wouldn't learn of My Lai until Hersh, acting on a tip, interviewed Calley and his lawyer.

Hersh's story was published by Dispatch, a small news agency with a tiny staff, and then picked up nationally. Calley was the from the odyssey only soldier convicted in Commentary on The Lightness Essay, relation to the massacre. Hersh won the 1970 Pulitzer Prize for his reporting. 1971: The Pentagon Papers leaked and published. In 1971, with the Vietnam War still going after almost a decade, a military analyst named Daniel Ellsberg leaked a seven-thousand page history of calypso, U.S.-Vietnam relations that had been prepared for internal use by Lightness Essay the Pentagon. Lengthy sections of these “Pentagon Papers” were published in The Washington Post and The New York Times , revealing the covert origins of a war that was exceedingly unpopular at home. Dionne? The Nixon administration ordered the newspapers to cease publication of any of the documents. This led to a Supreme Court case ( New York Times Co. Unbearable? v. United States ) that eventually ruled in favor of the press. 1972: Woodward and Bernstein expose the Watergate break in analytical learning style, In June 1972, five men were arrested for breaking into Commentary, the Democratic National Committee offices at the Watergate Complex in Washington, DC. Two young reporters at The Washington Post , Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, were intrigued that one of the burglars was on Essay Concept Generation and Selection Prac Pre-report, the payroll of President Richard Nixon’s reelection committee and began digging further. Woodward and on The Lightness Essay Bernstein uncovered a series of political crimes and “dirty tricks” that connected the Essay about Concept and Selection Prac burglary back to Unbearable Lightness Essay, the White House.

Their reporting led to analytical learning style, indictments of 40 administration officials and the eventual resignation of President Nixon. The paper won the 1973 Pulitzer Prize for on The, the investigative reporting. 1992: Florence Graves reveals sexual misconduct in Congress In 1992, shortly after the Anita Hill controversy, Florence Graves, founder of Common Cause magazine, began an investigation into sexual misconduct on Capitol Hill. She quickly found a pattern of charges pointing to Senator Bob Packwood. In the push factor fall of 1992, The Washington Post published Graves'story detailing allegations from Commentary Unbearable Essay 10 women of sexual misconduct by john donne flea the Oregon senator. The story not only led to the first-ever Senate Ethics Committee investigation of sexual misconduct and the eventual resignation of Senator Packwood, but also to the passage of the landmark Congressional Accountability Act, subjecting Congress to the same discrimination laws as the rest of the Unbearable Lightness Essay nation. 2010: Dana Priest and William Arkin detail secret government organizations On July 19, 2010, Washington Post reporters Dana Priest and William Arkin published “Top Secret America,” a series of investigative articles revealing the massive and what they characterized as mismanaged post-9/11 growth of the U.S. intelligence community. The series, benefiting from the work of more than a dozen other journalists at The Post , compiled hundreds of thousands of records over two years, identifying 45 government organizations (1,271 sub-units) and 1,931 private companies engaged in top-secret intelligence work. The series highlighted the oversight challenges facing such a fast-growing and secretive system with such an important agenda: maintaining the safety of American citizens. Reuters/Jason Reed JIR.

2013: The Washington Post and The Guardian report on NSA surveillance In early June 2013, The Post and analytical learning The Guardian broke nearly-simultaneous stories about National Security Agency surveillance activities being conducted on Lightness, U.S. citizens and foreign officials. Both sets of articles, led by Barton Gellman at The Post and Glenn Greenwald at The Guardian , along with Laura Poitras and Ewan MacAskill, initially relied on a confidential source who was a former NSA analyst and then-employee at a private sector consulting firm. The source had told Gellman that he was operating out of conscience and knew that he would be exposed. That person was Edward Snowden. Both newspapers shared the analytical learning style Pulitzer Prize this year for their articles. Washington Post reporters Carl Bernstein (center) and Bob Woodward (left), the team who broke the Watergate story. Washington, D.C., 1974. Wayne Miller/Magnum Photos. T he golden era had its shortcomings, to be sure.

A herd mentality too often prevailed, especially in Washington coverage. Self-important journalists were too common. And both the conventional wisdom and conventional attitudes remained strong. So, for example, when confronted by a story like the AIDS epidemic, the great news organizations reacted slowly and clumsily. Few journalists paid serious attention to the rising disparities in American society. Toward the end of the era, in the first years of the 21st century, the news media succumbed to the national anxieties produced by the 9/11 attacks and failed to challenge effectively the Bush administration's rush to war in Commentary Lightness of Being Essay, Iraq. Many journalists joined the from the odyssey rush. This was an on The Unbearable of Being Essay embarrassment for our major journalistic institutions and a disservice to the country. Nevertheless, America's best news organizations have proved their value again and again, even in quintuplets dionne, recent years, as their fortunes have declined. The culture of Unbearable Lightness Essay, journalistic skepticism born in the 1960s and 1970s has continued to serve the country well.

Repeatedly, journalists have broken significant news stories that government officials hoped would never be revealed, from accounts of Americans torturing terror suspects to revelations of the systematic mistreatment of ethical subjectivism, veterans at Walter Reed Hospital; from accounts of the government's eavesdropping programs to descriptions of on The Unbearable Lightness, its vast, post-9/11 intelligence apparatus. The major journalistic revelations of the last decade altered the country's image of itself. They mattered. And society has benefited in less tangible ways, too. “How would this look on push factor, the front page of The Washington Post ?” has been a question asked in on The Essay, offices in Washington ever since the time of Essay about Concept Generation Pre-report, Watergate, to good effect. Of course this deterrent to illegal, unethical, or embarrassing behavior is unevenly effective; many miscreant public officials have ignored it, and will in the future, whether or not there continues to be a front page of The Washington Post . But this sense of accountability has had a salutary effect. The best journalism has most often been produced by those news organizations that have both the resources and the courage to defend their best work when it offends or alarms powerful institutions and individuals. Commentary On The Of Being Essay? The public may perceive journalism as an individualistic enterprise carried out by lone rangers of rectitude, but this is rarely the case. The best work is usually done by a team that has the analytical learning style backing of an organization committed to maintaining the highest standards of seriousness and integrity, and to nurturing talented reporters and Lightness Essay editors. In the trickiest realms of dionne, investigative reporting on matters that touch on “national security,” the teamincluding the writers and editors as well as the Commentary Lightness of Being lawyers and often the push factor publisher toocan be critically important. News organizations that can afford to support such teams are now at risk. A healthy democratic society requires refereesauthority figures with whistles they can blow when they perceive infringements of the rules.

Prosecutors and judges fulfill this role in matters of law enforcement, but their writ is limited by Lightness Essay the scope of the law. “I am not a crook,” insisted Richard Nixon, and ethical subjectivism examples perhaps he wasn't, but he was a kind of political criminal nevertheless, and on The he was first called to account by journalists. Will such whistle blowers be on the job to ethical subjectivism examples, confront the next Nixon? Paul Starr, the distinguished Princeton scholar, has put the matter succinctly: “By undermining the economic basis of professional reporting and by fragmenting the Commentary on The Unbearable Lightness public, [the digital revolution] has weakened the ability of the press to act as an effective agent of public accountability. If we take seriously the idea that an independent press serves an essential democratic function, its institutional distress may weaken democracy itself. And that is the danger that confronts us.” Bill O'Reilly vs. Analytical? Jon Stewart 2012: The Rumble In The Air-Conditioned Auditorium at George Washington University on October 6, 2012. Jamie McCarthy/Getty Images for Commentary on The Essay, The Rumble 2012.

I f today's providers of the best journalismoften referred to these days, somewhat ominously, as “legacy media,” meaning the old stuffcannot survive their continuing tribulations, what will take their place? Predicting the future is quintuplets a fool's errand, but some trends are clear. The Internet promotes fragmentation by encouraging the development of Commentary on The Lightness of Being, like-minded communities, from you and your Facebook friends to avid Tea Party supporters who love Breitbart News, a highly readable, relentlessly ideological right-wing news site. Surveys by the Pew Research Center for the People the Press show that increasing numbers of American get their “news” from john donne flea ideologically congenial sources. The news media are fragmenting just as American society is fragmentingby class, by region, by Unbearable Essay religious inclination, by generation, by ethnic identity, by politics and more.

The rise of the fragmented news media is quite a recent phenomenon. It really became significant after the inauguration of Barack Obama in January 2009. President Obama came into the White House in the midst of the john donne flea worst economic crisis since the Commentary Lightness of Being Essay Great Depression. He had run as a unifier who would bring a new era of bipartisan collaboration: “Yes we can!” But no, he couldn't. Republicans in Prac Pre-report, Congress decided at the outset of his administration that they would try to deny the Commentary on The Unbearable Lightness Essay new president any victories. Obama's early legislative successes, based on about Concept Generation Prac, the big Democratic majorities in the House and Senate produced by the 2008 election, disguised the fact that partisan gridlock lay just around the corner. After 2010, when Republicans regained control of the House, the gridlock set in. The politicians made an uneasy peace with the idea of perpetual partisan warfare. Voters also took increasingly ideological positions, and Commentary of Being looked with increasing suspicion on those who disagreed with them. Today's politicians, especially on the right, communicate to “their” voters through “their” media, most notably, of course, Fox News.

Similarly, liberal Democrats like to appear on MSNBC. More ideological politicians like a world without Cronkiteswithout recognized gatekeepers and arbiters. So “the news” that once helped unify the country is now just another source of learning, division. On The Lightness Essay? Daniel Patrick Moynihan used to argue that “everyone is entitled to john donne flea, his own opinion, but not to his own facts.” No longer. Politicians and Commentary on The Unbearable Lightness of Being commentators now seem perfectly happy inventing their own reality when it suits their political or ideological purposes. Fox News's determination to ridicule the analytical learning style Affordable Care Act”Obamacare”had nothing to do with traditional journalistic truth-seeking. Rather, it was part of a propaganda campaign.

The MSNBC cable network, part of NBC, which used to be a serious news organization, saw a business opportunity in Commentary on The Lightness Essay, making itself a liberal alternative to quintuplets dionne, Fox, the most profitable cable news network, and now unabashedly propagates a liberal view of the news. Fox and MSNBC have both decided to cater to Lightness Essay, their audiences not with original reporting of the Essay and Selection Prac Pre-report news (which is expensive), but with commentary on on The, the news interspersed with broadcasts of from, set-piece events like presidential news conferences. Curiously, or revealingly, there is little outrage in the culture about these developments. We seem to have adapted to the demise of the Commentary old expectations about accuracy, fairness, and reporting without much of a fight. Some of the new online products produce interesting and informative journalism, but none has the push factor ambitions or the sense of responsibility of the best publications. They couldn't afford those luxuries. A great news organization is expensive. The newsroom of The New York Times costs about $230 million a year.

The news operation of The Washington Post , already substantially diminished from the height of its profitability and influence, still costs more than $90 million a year. Without the revenues to support them, newsrooms all over the country have been decimated. Newspapers employed 59,000 journalists in on The Lightness of Being Essay, 1989, and 36,000 in 2012 (and fewer since then). Once-formidable institutions including The Baltimore Sun , Chicago Tribune , Los Angeles Times , and Miami Herald are vastly diminished. Others have gone out of business altogether. The significant news organizations that have survived are under terrific pressure now. John Donne Flea? A revealing document emerged this spring from The New York Times , a 96-page report written by a committee of Times employees on the digital future. Reading it makes clear the extent to which even Times reporters and editors now see the demands of the digital age as incompatible with their traditional pursuits.

The committee argues that The New York Times must become a “digital first” organization. Commentary Unbearable Lightness? “That means aggressively questioning many of our print-based traditions and style their demands on our time, and determining which can be abandoned to free up resources for digital work.” One example cited in the report: “Packaging, promoting and sharing our journalism” on the Internetthree activities that have nothing to do with reporting and writing news storiesmust become a priority for Unbearable Lightness Essay, the newsroom. Even when journalists are allowed to pursue traditional reporting, the requirements of online journalism limit their opportunities to do so. Before the big papers had websites, a reporter could take all day to cover an event, talk to sources to get background information, consider the implications of the new developments, and write a story for the next day's paper. Today the learning same reporter has to file multiple versions of the same story as the on The Unbearable of Being day progresses, adding new tidbits as she acquires them. There is much less time available to dig into a story and discover its ramifications. The quantity of original reporting has surely declined as the importance of the john donne flea Internet has grown.

One immediate effect of all these changes and cutbacks is Unbearable Lightness that there's no paper in America today that can offer the same coverage of dionne, its city, suburbs, and state that it provided 20 or even 10 years ago, and Commentary of Being Essay scores of city halls and state legislatures get virtually no coverage by any substantive news organizations. Television remains the john donne flea primary source of news for most Americans, but local stations have dramatically reduced their reporting staffs, and the networks no longer try to cover the world and the country as they once did. It’s true that the federal government in Washington still gets a lot of attention from reporters. But one large category of Washington coverage has virtually disappeared: journalism about members of Congress by news organizations “back home.” A generation ago scores of local newspapers and television stations employed Washington correspondents who kept an eye on on The Unbearable Lightness of Being Essay, the members of the House and Essay about Generation Pre-report Senate from their cities and states. Commentary On The Lightness Of Being Essay? Senator Christopher Dodd recalls that in his early years in the Senate, in the 1980s, a dozen reporters from Connecticut outlets were based in Washington and reported regularly on his activities. By the time he retired in 2010, that number had fallen to zero.

No Connecticut newspaper or television station had a reporter in dionne, the nation's capital. Facade of Unbearable Lightness Essay, The Newseum, incorporating the text of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution. David Monack/Wikimedia Commons. A re there no grounds for optimism, or even hope? Of course there are. In this age of creative destruction, the destruction is more obvious than the dionne creativity, but some of the Commentary on The Lightness Essay new, online providers of news are doing interesting work that helps compensate for the shrinkage of traditional outlets' reporting staffs. For example, in Connecticut there are now several bloggers reporting on the state's members of Congress, and CT Mirror, a non-profit news site, has a full-time Washington reporter.

Around the country dozens of news websites have sprung up to provide some local coverage, many of them employing their own reporters, and Concept Pre-report a few of them are quite good. There are also several web-based operations that sometimes break important national stories. On The Lightness Essay? The very best of them is ProPublica, a non-profit organization founded by Paul Steiger, the former managing editor of The Wall Street Journal , that is devoted to investigative reporting, an expensive specialty that has suffered in the era of john donne flea, disappearing newspaper profits. ProPublica provides pro bono journalism of the Commentary Unbearable Essay highest quality, as good as the investigative projects of the major newspapers. Its budget of about Concept and Selection Prac Pre-report, $12 million a year, nearly all raised from Commentary on The Unbearable donors, funds a staff of 45 reporters and editors. But as its journalists acknowledge, the ProPublica stories that have the greatest impact are those done in push factor, collaboration with legacy news media that publish or broadcast them. Its own excellent website has a relatively small audience. AP Photo/Jason DeCrow. Other non-profit organizations are also providing reporting at a level that only the major news organizations used to Unbearable Lightness of Being, offer. The winner of the 2014 Pulitzer Prize for investigative reporting was Chris Hamby of the Essay Pre-report Center for Public Integrity in Washington, a non-profit watchdog organization that maintains vast electronic files tracing the flow of money into our politics.

Marcus Brauchli, who has served as the senior editor of on The Unbearable of Being, both The Wall Street Journal and The Washington Post , observed recently that thanks to Internet offerings, the quantity of American journalism has never been greater. It used to be the case that newspapers like the about Pre-report Times and Post offered their readers what was usually the very best coverage available in a wide range of news categoriesthere were no serious competitors. Today there are competitors in every one: ESPN in sports, Politico in Washington coverage, BuzzFeed in the world of popular culture, and so on. We at the Post used to have a corner on the market in Washingtonno competitor could challenge us in any of on The of Being Essay, our major categories. No corners are available now. New York Times Building. Jleon/ Wikimedia Commons. I f there is some good news, it's hardly enough to be reassuring. Something more substantial has to quintuplets dionne, happen to sustain the kind of journalistic excellence that a democracy requires. Of course there can be technological surprises. A group of young people could be working in Commentary Unbearable Essay, a Silicon Valley garage right now on an idea that could re-establish a healthy revenue stream for push factor, major news organizations.

I certainly hope so. Efforts to save serious journalism enjoy one natural advantage: smart people playing influential roles in society know that they need good information about Unbearable Lightness Essay many subjects. It is conceivable that these citizens, who are a significant audience albeit a small fraction of the total population, will be willing to pay the full cost of the john donne flea journalism they consume. At first blush this may sound painfully obvious. Don't people usually pay for on The, the services they use?

Not the news. Before websites, readers paid a pittance for their news in newspapers that were deliberately priced below the cost of a cup of coffee to subjectivism examples, try to maximize circulation (and therefore advertising dollars). And then for the better part of two decadesthe first decades of the World Wide Webonline consumers got used to the idea that news was not just cheap but free. In the United States The Wall Street Journal was the only major publication that charged for of Being Essay, online access to its journalism. Everyone else gave their work away on the theoryor hopethat this was the way to build the audiences that advertisers would eventually pay to reach.

Then in March 2011, The New York Times announced a paywall that required regular online readers to pay for its journalism, a risky gambit that has proven remarkably successful. At the beginning of April the Times had 800,000 “digital subscribers,” people paying to read the paper on analytical learning, electronic devices only. Commentary On The Of Being Essay? (The daily ink-on-paper Times is bought by 680,000 people, and 1.2 million on Sundays.) Digital subscriptions currently bring in more than $150 million a year, money that has saved the company from the ethical examples grave financial crisis caused by declining revenues for the print edition. The Washington Post and most other large newspapers followed the Times , if they were not already charging for online access. Though none of the on The Lightness others has had as much success signing up digital subscribers as the Times , the newspaper’s ability to learning, persuade online readers to pay is on The Unbearable heartening. It suggests at least the possibility that over time, consumers of news might follow the path of calypso, television viewers, who once thoughtbefore the arrival of cable televisionthat TV was free, but eventually got used to paying substantial monthly cable bills. Lightness Of Being? Some version of that transition could save the traditional news businessif some clever inventor can figure out how to make it happen. Until now no one has, and even the Times 's encouraging numbers fall short of a solution that could save its $235 million-a-year newsroom. A morning edition of the Washington Post- August 6, 2013. Inc founder Jeff Bezos bought the newspaper in a surprise deal that ended the Graham family's 80 years of ownership. Design the electronic classifieds now. see the full memo.

L ast fall, when he met the staff of analytical learning, The Washington Post soon after buying the on The Unbearable of Being Essay paper, Jeff Bezos of Amazon spoke about the importance of “the bundle,” as he called the variety of news, opinion, useful information, and entertainment that the Post offers each day. The goal in the digital age, Bezos said, had to be to make the bundle attractive to a lot of peopleso attractive that they would be willing to pay for it. The average age of the readers of the printed paper, Bezos noted, goes up “about one year every year.” It's no secret where that leads, he quipped. Now that he owns the money-losing Post , Bezos faces the challenge of how to sell that bundle. John Donne Flea? Michael Moritz of Sequoia Capital, one of the country's most successful venture capitalists, summarized the problem: “How [can] an Internet property, dedicated to broad-based news and information, ever generate a lot of Lightness of Being, money? Without solving that riddle, there is no path to prosperity.” Of course, a large organization offering “broad-based news and information” is not the only conceivable model. Personally I am convinced that our society will be best served by the survival of a few distinguished news organizations committed to holding powerful people accountable for the ways they use their power. Essay About Generation And Selection Pre-report? This view is certainly a product of my lifetime's service in on The Unbearable Lightness Essay, one such organization.

But there are other possibilities. The news supermarkets we are used to may not survive, but “disaggregated” news organizations specializing in specific subjects might, over time, provide the accountability journalism we need. Quintuplets? One interesting example is the SCOTUS blog, which provides excellent coverage of the Commentary on The Unbearable of Being Supreme Court. It makes no profit, but is supported by Bloomberg. Politico's coverage of Washington and politics, though uneven, is better than that of any but the push factor very best news organizations.

And Politico, thanks to revenue from its Capitol Hill newspaper edition, actually makes money. It is also possible that “prosperity” won't be necessary. Commentary Lightness Essay? The $250 million Bezos paid for The Washington Post was a tiny sliver of his $30 billion net worth. For him to cover the Post 's losses now costs the equivalent of dionne, lunch money for an ordinary mortalsomething Bezos could easily afford for decades to come, if he chooses to play the angel's role indefinitely. The money-losing Boston Globe , sold at Unbearable Lightness Essay a huge loss by The New York Times in john donne flea, 2013, has a deep-pocketed new owner in John Henry, principal owner of the Boston Red Sox, who similarly could keep the paper afloat indefinitely if he wants to. On The Lightness Of Being Essay? There might be comparable angels in the futures of subjectivism, other news organizations. New Yorkers have speculated for years that their former mayor, Michael Bloomberg, worth $34 billion, might play that role some day for The New York Times . The wealthiest giants in this brave new world are companies that did not exist 20 years ago, inventive outfits that have capitalized on digital technologies most effectively. Facebook and Google, for example, bestride the globe like modern-day King Kongs, catering to billions of on The Lightness of Being Essay, people and earning scores of billions of dollars. Both exploit the work of push factor, traditional providers of news that create information useful to Commentary on The Unbearable Lightness of Being Essay, Facebook friends and Google searchers. They lead large numbers of learning, readers to on The Essay, the journalism of the legacy media.

But they contribute relatively little to the survival of those providers. These firms were created by dionne a new generation of young people whose self-interest may lead them either to realize the importance of the legacy institutions, or figure out how to create new ways to Unbearable Lightness of Being Essay, do what the old news organizations did in the past. Financially, it would be easy for Google to rescue The New York Times . The annual cost of the Times 's newsroom represents less than 2 percent of analytical learning, Google's 2013 profits. Google, or someone else, could also create new news organizations dedicated to excellent coverage of narrow fields. The future, in Mort Sahl's wise words, lies aheadbut remains invisible. News as we know it is at Commentary of Being risk. So is democratic governance, which depends on an effective watchdog news media.

Both have been undermined by push factor changes in society wrought by of Being Essay digital technologiesamong the most powerful forces ever unleashed by quintuplets mankind. We have barely begun the Commentary Lightness Digital Age, and there is no point in trying to predict just where it will take us. News certainly has a future, but what that will be is unclear. Calypso? All that we know for certain is that we are lighting out for new territory. Join the conversation on Twitter using #BrookingsEssay or share this on Facebook . This Essay is also available as an eBook from these online retailers: Amazon Kindle, Barnes Noble, Apple iTunes, Google Play, and on Kobo. Like other products of the Institution, The Brookings Essay is Commentary on The Unbearable Lightness of Being Essay intended to contribute to discussion and stimulate debate on important issues. Generation And Selection Prac Pre-report? The views are solely those of the author. Graphic Design: Marcia Underwood and Jessica Pavone. Research: Fred Dews, Thomas Young, Jessica Pavone, Kevin Hawkins. Editorial: Beth Rashbaum and Fred Dews. Web Development: Marcia Underwood.

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